Effect of passive immunization against testosterone on reproductive hormone secretion and ovarian function in dairy cows and pubertal beef heifers

V LermiteM Terqui


Multiparous dairy cows were divided in 3 groups from Day 5 up to Day 56 post partum: high energy level (Group H, n=10), low energy level (Group L, n=10) and low energy level plus anti-testosterone bovine immunoglobulins (Group LI, n= 10). Undernutrition decreased body weight, body condition score, milk yield and energy balance in Groups L and LI compared to Group H (P<0.05), but had no effect on secretory pattern of LH. Passive immunization against testosterone increased LH secretion in Group LI (P<0.05). Follicular score and the presence of follicles >/= 10mm on the ovary were not affected by underfeeding but were higher in Group LI than in Group L after immunization (P<0.01). The duration of the first luteal phase was shorter in Group H than in Groups L and LI and maximum progesterone levels reached were higher in Group LI than in Group H (P<0.01). Reproductive performance was not depressed by underfeeding and immunization. In the pubertal beef heifers maintained in anestrus by undernutrition had very low LH secretion. After passive immunization against testosterone, the increase of LH pulses number became almost significant (P=0.07). Following injection of exogenous LH, the number of follicles >/= 9mm was higher in immunized...Continue Reading


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May 23, 2014·Animal : an International Journal of Animal Bioscience·S T Butler

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