PMID: 36544Jan 1, 1978

Effect of pH, light intensity and population on the toxicity of the pesticide carbofuran to the blue-green alga Nostoc muscorum

S Kar, P K Singh


The effect of pH, light intensity and population on the toxicity of the pesticide furadan (containing 3% carbofuran as the active ingredient) was studied on the nitrogen fixing blue-green alga Nostoc muscorum. It was observed that all these factors had effects on the toxicity of the pesticide. The blue-green alga grew better in the pH range of 7.5-10, whereas the acidic pH of 5-6 retarded growth. The pesticide was more toxic to alga in the medium of pH 5-6, whereas reduction in toxicity was noticed in alkaline pH of 7.5-10. The alga grew slowly in a light intensity of 1,500 lux in comparison to a light intensity of 3,000 lux, and no growth occurred in the dark. The toxicity of the pesticide gradually decreased with increasing light intensity. The toxic effect of the pesticide was increased when the initial population level was low, and increasing the initial population reduced the toxicity.

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