Mar 1, 1975

Effect of pH on the enzymic activity of the fungi Trichothecium roseum and Aspergillus niger hydrolyzing nonstarch polysaccharides

Prikladnaia biokhimiia i mikrobiologiia
L S Salamanova, A A Zhdanova


The purpose of the study was to determine optimal pH values for the enzymic activity of the fungi Trichothecium roseum and Aspergillus niger hydrolyzing nonstarch polysaccharides of barley and disrupting cell walls (cytolysis) of grain, the so called cytolytic enzymes. The effect of the acidity of the medium on the stability of these enzymes was also investigated. In this connection total cytolytic activity (i. e. total activity of the enzymes hydrolyzing nonstarch polysaccharides of cell walls of barley) and hemicellulase activity of the fungi at different pH values were measured. The activity of these enzymes in aqueous extracts from the fungal culture at optimal pH after preincubation was determined at different acidity levels. The optimum of the hemicellulase activity of both fungi was at 4.6, the optimum of the total cytolytic activity of Tr. roseum at pH 5.6 and of Asp. niger at pH 3.0. The enzymes of the fungus Asp. niger showed a far higher acid stability than those of Tr. roseum.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Pathologic Cytolysis
Trichothecium roseum (fungus)
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Cell Wall
Enzymes for Treatment of Wounds and Ulcers
Hordeum vulgare
Aspergillus niger antigen

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