PMID: 458627Aug 1, 1979

Effect of phenytoin (DPH) treatment on methoxyflurane metabolism in rats

The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
G H CaugheyR I Mazze

Abstract

The toxicity and metabolism of the fluorinated anesthetic methoxyflurane were compared in Fischer 344 rats pretreated with phenytoin or phenobarbital. Treatment with either drug potentiated the polyuric effects of methoxyflurane by more than 100%. Also, serum inorganic fluoride (F-) levels and urinary F- excretions after methoxyflurane exposure were comparable in phenytoin- and phenobarbital-treated rats, a 26 to 49% increase as compared to rats treated with methoxyflurane alone. In vitro, 10-fold increases in the rate of hepatic microsomal methoxyflurane defluorination were observed after treatment of rats with either phenytoin or phenobarbital. Kinetic studies with microsomes demonstrated inhibition of methoxyflurane defluorination in the presence of phenytoin. Defluorination of three additional fluorinated ether anesthetics, enflurane, isoflurane and sevoflurane, also was examined in vitro. Phenytoin and phenobarbital treatment resulted in similar enhancement of defluorination of the latter two anesthetics, but not enflurane. Phenytoin and phenobarbital treatment increase defluorination of fluorinated ether anesthetics to approximately the same extent in vitro and in vivo in Fischer 344 rats.

Related Concepts

Anesthetic Effect
Drug Interactions
Enlirane
Ethers
Fluorides
Hydrocarbons, Fluorinated
Isoflurane
Kidney
Liver
Anecotan

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