PMID: 592708Nov 1, 1977

Effect of physical loads on lipid and carbohydrate metabolic indices in hypokinesis

Kosmicheskaia biologiia i aviakosmicheskaia meditsina
T M Lobova, A V Chernyĭ

Abstract

Experiments on 140 white rats kept under hypokinetic conditions for 15, 30, 60 and 90 days showed a significant decrease of the glycogen content in the liver and skeletal muscles, acceleration of lipolysis in the adipose tissue, progressive increase of the content of nonesterified fatty acids, ketone bodies and cholesterol in the blood, decrease of the content of total lipids and increase of the cholesterol content in the skeletal muscles and liver. Hypokinetic rats exposed to exercises (swimming) also exhibited changes in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism; however the content of ketone bodies in the blood increased a little, the glycogen content in tissues decreased to a lesser extent, the cholesterol level in the and skeletal muscles increased only on the 15th day, remained at the control level at later stages and even decreased in the skeletal muscles. Thus, during an exposure to hypokinesia and its combination with exercises the role of lipids on the energy balance of the animal body increases. Exercises facilitate better utilization of lipids, thus delaying adverse effects of hypokinesia.

Related Concepts

Fat Pad
Epicholesterol
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Glycogen
Ketone Bodies
Liver
Liver Glycogen
Muscle
Physical Restraint
Swimming

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