PMID: 8744876Apr 1, 1996Paper

Effect of physician gender on the prescription of estrogen replacement therapy

Journal of General Internal Medicine
T B SetoR S Phillips


To determine if women cared for by female physicians are more likely to receive postmenopausal estrogen replacement therapy than women cared for by male physicians. Case-control study with follow-up telephone survey. An outpatient practice at an urban teaching hospital in Boston, Massachusetts. Subjects were women begun on estrogen replacement therapy during an 18-month period; controls were matched on age and month of visit. Seventy-one cases (mean age 60 years, 41% nonwhite) and 142 controls (mean age 60 years, 48% nonwhite) were identified. Fifty-two (82%) of 64 eligible case patients and 89 (80%) of 111 eligible control patients completed a follow-up telephone interview assessing their preferences for female physicians and interest in estrogen replacement therapy. After adjusting for potential confounders using conditional logistic regression, patients with female physicians were more likely to begin estrogen replacement therapy than those seen by male physicians (odds ratio [OR] 5.4; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.8, 15.3). Case patients selected their primary care physician more often than control patients and were more interested in estrogen replacement therapy. After adjusting for potential confounders including patient...Continue Reading


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