PMID: 234124Jan 1, 1975

Effect of positive-pressure breathing on aADN2 in hyaline membrane disease

Journal of Applied Physiology
A J CorbetL Stern

Abstract

In seven subjects with hyaline membrane disease and breathing 40-70% oxygen in nitrogen, the effect of continuous positive-pressure breathing (CPPB) was examined by application of a continuous negative pressure (10 cm water) about the thorax and assessment of the alveolar-arterial tension differences for nitrogen (aADn2) and oxygen (AaDo2). On CPPB, there was a decrease in the aADn2 by a mean 9 mmHg and a decrease in the AaDo2 by a mean 44 mmHg. This corresponded to a decrease in the total venous admixture (Qva/Qt) of 0.20 and to a decrease in the venous admixture due to a true right-to-left shunt (Qs/Qt) of 0.19. These data were interpreted to mean a significant improvement in Va/Qc imbalance within open ventilated parts of the lung, which could be responsible, particularly by relief of local alveolar hypoxia, for reduction of the pulmonary vascular resistance and the true right-to-left shunt.

Related Concepts

Carbon Dioxide
Hyaline Membrane Disease
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Nitrogen
Dioxygen
Pulse Polarography
Positive End-Expiratory Pressure
Pulmonary Alveolar Structure
Pulmonary Circulation
Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio

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