PMID: 45810Jul 1, 1975

Effect of preconditioning unconditioned stimulus experience on learned taste aversions

Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes
D S CannonC A Atkins

Abstract

One taste-aversion study using male Long-Evans rats in which ethanol was the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) and six studies in which lithium chloride (LiCl) was the UCS demonstrate that (a) exposure to the UCS prior to conditioning retards subsequent acquisition of learned taste aversions; (b) a single preconditioning UCS exposure is sufficient to attenuate conditioning; (c) the preconditioning UCS exposure must occur within a limited period prior to conditioning to attenuate learning; (d) repeated conditioning trials will override the effect of prior exposure to the UCS; (e) tolerance to the UCS is not a necessary condition for the attenuation effect to occur; (f) pairing the preconditioning UCS with a novel flavor other than the CS does not remove the preexposure effect, although it may reduce its magnitude; and (g) the degree of disruption is a positive function of preconditioning UCS dosage and an inverse function of conditioning UCS dosage.

References

Feb 28, 2006·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·Tara L FidlerChristopher L Cunningham
Nov 24, 2007·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·Jaime L Diaz-Granados, Danielle L Graham

Related Concepts

Ethanol
Avoidance Learning
Taste Perception
Operant Conditioning
Lithium

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