Apr 6, 2004

Effect of prolonged cryptorchidism on germ cell apoptosis and testicular sperm count

Asian Journal of Andrology
Albaha BarqawiRandall Meacham

Abstract

To evaluate the long term effect of experimental cryptorchidism on germ cell apoptotic rate and testicular sperm content in adult rats. Bilateral cryptorchidism was created in 40 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats by surgically manipulating the testes into the abdominal cavity and closing the internal inguinal ring. The rats were sacrificed and the testes removed 6 hours and 2, 4, 7, 21, 28 and 56 days after cryptorchidism. Germ cell apoptosis was quantified by means of TUNEL assay and apoptosis was confirmed using transmission electron microscopy. The rate of apoptosis peaked at 4 days of cryptorchidism and then progressively declined to a nadir at 14 days of cryptorchidism. At 56 days of cryptorchidism, the germinal epithelium was largely depleted by the apoptotic process and only a few mature sperm were seen within the testis. At this point, a few tubules were seen to be repopulating with primary spermatocytes and the level of germ cell apoptosis began to increase marginally. Testicular sperm count (TSC) began to decline rapidly at day 7 of cryptorchidism. Only a few mature sperm were found in the testes of rats following 56 days of cryptorchidism. Multinucleated giant cells (MGC) were most numerous within the seminiferous tubul...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Benign Neoplasm of Testis
Abdominal Cavity
Giant Cells
Cryptorchidism
Apoptosis, Intrinsic Pathway
Neoplasm of Uncertain or Unknown Behavior of Testis
Spermatozoa Cell Count
Gastroschisis
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Inferior Colliculus

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Apoptosis

Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis