Feb 1, 1976

Effect of sodium butyrate on mammalian cells in culture: a review

In Vitro
K N Prasad, P K Sinha


Sodium butyrate produces reversible changes in morphology, growth rate, and enzyme activities of several mammalian cell types in culture. Some of these changes are similar to those produced by agents which increase the intracellular level of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) or by analogs of cAMP. Sodium butyrate increases the intracellular level of cAMP by about two fold in neuroblastoma cells; therefore, some of the effects of sodium butyrate on these cells may in part be mediated by cAMP. Sodium butyrate appears to have properties of a good chemotherapeutic agent for neuroblastoma tumors because the treatment of neuroblastoma cells in culture causes cell death and "differentiation"; however, it is either innocuous or produces reversible morphological and biochemical alterations in other cell types.

Mentioned in this Paper

Antineoplastic Agents
Central Neuroblastoma
Bacteriocidal Agents
Science of Morphology
Gene Products, Protein

About this Paper

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