PMID: 664469May 1, 1978

Effect of starvation and diabetes on the activity of glucose-6-phosphate and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenases and on the free fatty acid content of rat kidney cortex and medulla

Voprosy medit︠s︡inskoĭ khimii
M P Fomina


Activity of dehydrogenases related to pentosephosphate pathway was not distinctly altered in soluble fraction of kidney cortex and medulla after 48 and 72 hrs of starvation. In diabetes the activity of these enzymes in rat kidney, as distinct from liver tissue, was not decreased but it was elevated and within 72 hrs after administration of alloxan the activity of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase was increased 2-fold and the activity of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase was increased by 30% above the normal level. Content of free fatty acids was also increased in kidney cortex of diabetic rats within 72 hrs after administration of alloxan. Alterations in content of free fatty acids were not observed either in kidney of diabetic animals within other studied periods (6 and 14-16 days) of treatment or in the tissue of starved rats. The data obtained suggest that free fatty acids do not participate immediately in controlling effect on dehydrogenases of pentosephosphate pathway in kidney in vivo.

Related Concepts

Streptozotocin Diabetes
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase
Structure of Cortex of Kidney
Kidney Papilla
Phosphogluconate Dehydrogenase

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.