PMID: 1629208Jul 25, 1992

Effect of temperature on the creatine kinase equilibrium

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
W E Teague, G P Dobson


The effect of temperature on the apparent equilibrium constant of creatine kinase (ATP:creatine N-phosphotransferase (EC was determined. At equilibrium the apparent K' for the biochemical reaction was defined as [formula: see text] The symbol sigma denotes the sum of all the ionic and metal complex species of the reactant components in M. The K' at pH 7.0, 1.0 mM free Mg2+, and ionic strength of 0.25 M at experimental conditions was 177 +/- 7.0, 217 +/- 11, 255 +/- 10, and 307 +/- 13 (n = 8) at 38, 25, 15, and 5 degrees C, respectively. The standard apparent enthalpy or heat of the reaction at the specified conditions (delta H' degree) was calculated from a van't Hoff plot of log10K' versus 1/T, and found to be -11.93 kJ mol-1 (-2852 cal mol-1) in the direction of ATP formation. The corresponding standard apparent entropy of the reaction (delta S' degree) was +4.70 J K-1 mol-1. The linear function (r2 = 0.99) between log10 K' and 1/K demonstrates that both delta H' degree and delta S' degree are independent of temperature for the creatine kinase reaction, and that delta Cp' degree, the standard apparent heat capacity of products minus reactants in their standard states, is negligible between 5 and 38 degrees C. We fur...Continue Reading

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