Jun 15, 1976

Effect of temperature on tryptophan fluorescence of beta-lactoglobulin B

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
O E Mills


The effect of heat on the conformation of bovine beta-lactoglobulin has been studied using intrinsic fluorescence spectroscopy. Changes in the intensity, wave-length of maximum emission and emission peak width at half height of tryptophan fluorescence over the range 15-90 degrees C at pH 6.4-6.5 has allowed the environments of the two tryptophans in the molecule to be discriminated. At 20 degrees C both tryptophans are in hydrophobic environments. As the temperature is raised the conformation changes such that at about 50 degrees C one of the tryptophans is transferred to a more polar environment accessible to solvent. Conformational changes appear to be reversible if the protein is cooled to 20 degrees C after heat treatments up to 70 degrees C. Above 70 degrees C the second tryptophan residue becomes exposed to solvent. Complete exposure of one residue occurs at 80 degrees C while the other is still partially buried even at 90 degrees C. When the protein is then cooled to 20 degrees C the conformational changes appear to be irreversible with only one tryptophan residue returning to the hydrophobic interior of the molecule.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Protein Conformation
Bos indicus
Protein Denaturation
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

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