Aug 1, 1976

Effect of the pH of culture medium on the alkalophilicity of a species of Bacillus

Archives of Microbiology
N Koyama, Y Nosoh


The amino acid incorporation and alpha-amino-isobutyric acid (AIB) uptake of an alkalophilic Bacillus grown at pH 8.2 (the pH 8-bacteria) were much less pH dependent (less alkalophilic) than those of the organisms grown at pH 10.0 (the pH 10-bacteria), respectively. The rate of AIB uptake of the pH 10-bacteria was almost the same as that of the pH 8-bacteria, while the rate of amino acid incorporation of the pH 10-bacteria was higher than that of the pH 8-bacteria in alkaline environments. The colloidal titration with clupein showed that the amount of negative charge on the pH 10-bacteria was greater than that of the pH 8-bacteria in alkaline environments. Considerable difference in protein composition was observed between the membranes of the pH 8- and 10-bacteria while no difference was observed in phospholipid composition.

Mentioned in this Paper

Bacterial Proteins
Tissue Membrane
Isobutyric acid
Aminoisobutyric Acids
Phospholipid Measurement
Titration Method
Amino Acid [EPC]
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.