Effect of thermal behavior of β-lactoglobulin on the oxidative stability of menhaden oil-in-water emulsions

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Pui Yeu PhoonM Fernanda San Martin-Gonzalez


This study reports how emulsion oxidative stability was affected by the interfacial structure of β-lactoglobulin due to different heat treatments. Four percent (v/v) menhaden oil-in-water emulsions, stabilized by 1% (w/v) β-lactoglobulin at pH 7, were prepared by homogenization under different thermal conditions. Oxidative stability was monitored by the ferric thiocyanate peroxide value assay. Higher oxidative stability was attained by β-lactoglobulin in the molten globule state than in the native or denatured state. From atomic force microscopy of β-lactoglobulin adsorbed onto highly ordered pyrolytic graphite in buffer, native β-lactoglobulin formed a relatively smooth interfacial layer of 1.2 GPa in Young's modulus, whereas additional aggregates of similar stiffness were found when β-lactoglobulin was preheated to the molten globule state. For denatured β-lactoglobulin, although aggregates were also observed, they were larger and softer (Young's modulus = 0.45 GPa), suggesting increased porosity and thus an offset in the advantage of increased layer coverage on oxidative stability.


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