Effect of third-trimester premature rupture of membranes on fetal breathing movements: a prospective case-control study

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
A KivikoskiM M Kopta

Abstract

Fetal breathing movements were examined in 44 women with premature rupture of membranes. All had previously uncomplicated singleton pregnancies (28 to 41 weeks). Of these 44 women, 13 had complications based on later amnionitis/neonatal infection or antepartum fetal distress. Thirty-one normal antepartum patients, matched for gestational age, served as a normal control group. These women had intact membranes and were without any known or suspected maternal, fetal, or neonatal complications. Fetal breathing movements were found in 90% of cases in the control group, compared with 65% in the 31 women with premature rupture of membranes (p less than 0.05). In the group of 13 women with premature rupture of membranes and complications, the incidence of fetal breathing movements was 38%. Therefore, it is possible that the absence of fetal breathing movements can be due to premature rupture of membranes alone. There was a statistically higher incidence of low-birth-weight infants and low Apgar scores in the group of 13 women with premature rupture of membranes and complications compared with the group of 31 women with premature rupture of membranes.

References

Jul 1, 1985·American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology·A M VintzileosG J Hoehn
Dec 1, 1982·Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology·J Patrick
Sep 1, 1983·Obstetrics and Gynecology·A M VintzileosD J Nochimson

Citations

Mar 17, 1995·Early Human Development·A B Roberts, J Mitchell
Jul 1, 1991·British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology·A OhlssonR Baboolal
Feb 1, 1992·American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology·A Kivikoski, E Amon
Sep 1, 1996·American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology·H W KilbrideD W Thibeault
Apr 13, 2007·Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology·Johanna I P de Vries, B F Fong
Sep 24, 2005·Fetal and Pediatric Pathology·B S Kisilevsky, S M Hains
Jun 1, 1997·Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement·R Harding

Related Concepts

Amniotic Fluid Index
Apgar Score
Preterm Premature Rupture of Fetal Membranes
Fetal Movement
Pregnancy Outcome
Pregnancy Trimester, Third
Respiration
Tomography, Ultrasonic

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