Effect of thyroid hormone on uncoupling protein-3 mRNA expression in rat heart and skeletal muscle

Thyroid : Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Marcia Silva QueirozFaramarz Ismail-Beigi


Thyroid hormones (triiodothyronine [T3] and thyroxine [T4]) stimulate UCP-3 expression in skeletal muscle. We examined whether thyroid hormone-induced changes in uncoupling protein (UCP)-3 mRNA expression are related to directs effects of T3 or reflect secondary effects of the hormone through stimulation of renin-angiotensin or beta-adrenergic systems. Hyperthyroidism was produced by three injections of 100 microg T3/100 g body weight on alternate days with or without concomitant treatment with either captopril (an angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE] inhibitor), propranolol (a beta-blocker) or clenbuterol (a beta2-agonist). The relative abundance of UCP-3 mRNA was measured in ventricular myocardium and skeletal muscle (gastrocnemius and soleus). T3 resulted in a significant increase in the relative abundance of UCP-3 in heart and skeletal muscle (p < 0.05), and the effect was not altered by captopril or propanolol; the inhibitors alone had no effect of UCP-3 mRNA content. There was no synergistic or additive effect of T3 and clenbuterol on UCP-3 mRNA expression in skeletal muscle. Increased UCP-3 mRNA levels were associated with increased UCP-3 protein expression in skeletal muscle. We conclude that the effect of T3 on UCP-3 ex...Continue Reading


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