PMID: 7431128Nov 1, 1980Paper

Effect of trans fatty acids on serum lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase in rats

The Journal of Nutrition
C E MooreL Aftergood


An investigation was undertaken to study the effect of trans isomers of octadecenoic (18:1) and octadecadienoic (18:2) acids on serum lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT). Male rats of the Wistar strain were fed diets containing 15% fat for 9 months. The fat diets were either hydrogenated fat mixtures containing trans fatty acids, corn oil or lard. At the end of 9 months, rats were killed and serum cholesterol levels and LCAT activity were measured. It was found that free and total serum cholesterol levels were decreased when animals were fed trans fatty acids when compared with animals fed corn oil or lard. Although in vitro studies indicated that the percentage of cholesterol esterified in serum was not affected by the presence of dietary trans fatty acids, LCAT activity generally decreased when trans fatty acids were fed to rats for 9 months. In this study a negative correlation was found between serum free cholesterol and LCAT activity. Depressed total LCAT activity (mumoles of cholesterol esterified per hour per liter of serum) may have been related to a reduced amount of substrate (free cholesterol).

Related Concepts

7 trans,9 cis-octadecadienoic acid
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
Phosphatidylcholine-Sterol O-Acyltransferase
Oleic Acids
Molecular Stereochemistry

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.