Effect of ultrafiltration on peritoneal dialysis drug clearances

Pharmacology
A H LauE John

Abstract

To determine the effect of dialysate osmolarity on peritoneal dialysis drug transfer, peritoneal dialysis clearances of theophylline, phenobarbital, and tobramycin were determined in 10 rabbits using dialysate containing 1.5 and 4.25% glucose. Urea and creatinine clearances were also obtained for comparison. Under similar dialysis conditions, the peritoneal clearances of the three drugs remained unchanged for the two types of dialysate. In contrast, the peritoneal clearances of urea and creatinine were significantly higher with the use of 4.25% glucose dialysate (p less than 0.001). Thus, peritoneal dialysis clearances of theophylline, phenobarbital and tobramycin are not significantly affected by hypertonicity-induced ultrafiltration during acute peritoneal dialysis.

Citations

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Krebiozen
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Peritoneal Dialysis
Luminal
Chinchilla Rabbits
Monospan
Tobracin
Ultrafiltration
Carmol

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