PMID: 6905762May 1, 1980

Effect of vanadate on myocardial force of contraction

Basic Research in Cardiology
H ScholzE Wetzel


Ammonium vanadate (NH4VO3; 50-1000 microM) increases the force of contraction of isolated electrically driven cat papillary muscles in a concentration-dependent manner. The positive inotropic effect (PIE) of NH4VO3 became significant at 50 microM and was maximal at 500 to 1000 microM. It was accompanied by an increase in the rate of force development, in the rate of relaxation and in relaxation time of the isometric contraction. Similar results as with NH4VO3 were also observed in the presence of 1 microM propranolol, 5 microM phentolamine or after reserpine-pretreatment (5 mg/kg i.p.). These results indicate that vanadate produces a direct PIT in ventricular cardiac muscle which is unlikely to be mediated by alpha- or beta-adrenoceptor stimulation. In cat left atrial strips, however, vanadate ions produced a negative inotropic effect through a hitherto unknown mechanism. Vanadate effects similar to those observed in the cat heart were obtained in ventricular and atrial preparations from bovine hearts.


May 1, 1980·Basic Research in Cardiology·W SchmitzE Wetzel

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