PMID: 7086537Jun 1, 1982Paper

Effect of vitamin E as an immunopotentiation agent for mice at optimal dosage and its toxicity at high dosage

The Journal of Nutrition
T YasunagaY Hikasa

Abstract

Studies have been done to determine the optimal dosage of vitamin E. Vitamin E is generally considered to be relatively nontoxic at high dosage in spite of the fact that it is a fat-soluble vitamin. From our experiments using mice, when various dosages of all-rac-alpha-tocopherol were injected into the intraperitoneal cavity every day, 1) the body weight decreased when the dose was more than 100 IU/kg per day, and all the mice died within 3 days at 400 IU/kg per day; 2) immune responses investigated by lymphoproliferative assays with phytohemagglutinin, concanavalin A and lipopolysaccharide were enhanced significantly between 5 and 20 IU/kg per day, but were inhibited by 80 IU/kg per day. When the immunopotentiation effect of vitamin E was discernible, serum tocopherol levels were about twice the control values. From our results, the optimal dosage of vitamin E was between 5 and 20 IU/kg per day, and dosages over 80 IU/kg per day were toxic to mice. We then experimented similarly with vitamin K, which is fat soluble and possesses a quinone structure resembling vitamin E. When doses between 12.5 and 150 mg/kg per day of vitamin K were injected into the intraperitoneal cavity daily fore 14 days, increase of body weight was genera...Continue Reading

Citations

Jan 1, 1991·Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology·R M RoyW M Ross
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Jan 1, 1987·Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology·R M Roy, M Petrella
Oct 1, 1992·Journal of the American College of Nutrition·K N Prasad, J Edwards-Prasad
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Apr 1, 1994·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·Y WangR R Watson
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Related Concepts

Immunologic Adjuvants
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Lymphocyte Activation
Mice, Inbred Strains
Molecular Stereochemistry
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
D-alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate
Auxina E

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