Effective non-local reaction kinetics for transport in physically and chemically heterogeneous media

Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
Marco DentzJesus Carrera

Abstract

The correct characterization of the effective reactive transport dynamics is an important issue for modeling reactive transport on the Darcy scale, specifically in situations in which reactions are localized, that is when different reactions occur in different portions of the porous medium. Under such conditions the conventional approach of homogenizing only the porous medium chemistry is not appropriate. We consider here reactive transport in a porous medium that is characterized by mass transfer between a mobile and a distribution of immobile regions. Chemical and physical heterogeneities are reflected by distributions of kinetic reaction rate constants and residence times in the immobile zones. We derive an effective reactive transport equation for the mobile solute that is characterized by non-local physical mass transfer and reaction terms. Specifically, chemical heterogeneity is upscaled in terms of a reactive memory function that integrates both chemical and physical heterogeneity. Mass transfer limitations due to physical heterogeneity yield effective kinetic rate coefficients that can be much smaller than the volumetric average of the local scale coefficients. These results help to explain and quantify the often report...Continue Reading

Citations

Apr 27, 2013·Environmental Science & Technology·Adam L AtchleyAlexis K Navarre-Sitchler
Jun 22, 2010·Journal of Contaminant Hydrology·Marco DentzB Bijeljic
Oct 18, 2019·Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics : PCCP·Tomás AquinoMarco Dentz
Oct 4, 2012·Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics·Daniel Reeves, Daniel H Rothman

Related Concepts

Soil Pollutants
Memory
Patient Transfer
Local
Chemicals
Volumetric
Porous Hydrogel
Zone

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved