Oct 1, 1993

Effects of (+)-, (-)- and (+/-)-indenestrols A and B on microtubule distribution and cytotoxicity in Chinese hamster V79 cells

Mutation Research
T OdaY Sato


We have reported that (+)-, (-)- and (+/-)-indenestrols A and B (IA and IB respectively) inhibit the polymerization of microtubule proteins isolated from porcine brain in vitro. In this study, the effects of (+)-, (-)- and (+/-)-IA and IB on the relative plating efficiency, chromosome number and cellular microtubular architecture of Chinese hamster V79 cells, detected with a fluorescent anti-tubulin antibody, were investigated. The results indicated that the effect of (+/-)-IA was similar to that of diethylstilbestrol and that of (+/-)-IB was greater than that of (+/-)-IA. We also determined the effects of the optically active IA and IB isomers and found that the rank order of cytotoxic activity of the IA and IB series was: (-)-IA > (+/-)-IA > (+)-IA and (+/-)-IB > or = (-)-IB > (+)-IB. Furthermore, we studied the intracellular disturbance of microtubule formation induced by these compounds and found that (-)-IA had by far the greatest disruptive effect.

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