Mar 29, 2002

Effects of active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation with the inspiratory threshold valve in a young porcine model of cardiac arrest

Pediatric Research
W VoelckelKarl H Lindner

Abstract

Active compression-decompression (ACD) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with the inspiratory threshold valve (ITV) has been recently recommended by the American Heart Association for treatment of adults in cardiac arrest (class IIb: alternative, useful intervention), but this new technique has never been used in a pediatric population. Thus, this study was designed to evaluate ACD + ITV CPR in a young porcine model of cardiac arrest. After 10 min of ventricular fibrillation, and 8 min of standard CPR, ACD + ITV CPR was performed in seven 4- to 6-wk-old pigs (8-12 kg); defibrillation was attempted 8 min later. Within 2 min after initiation of ACD + ITV CPR, mean (+/- SEM) coronary perfusion pressure increased from 18 +/- 2 to 24 +/- 3 mm Hg (p = 0.018). During standard versus ACD + ITV CPR, mean left ventricular myocardial and total cerebral blood flow was 59 +/- 21 versus 126 +/- 32 mL.min(-1).100 g(-1), and 36 +/- 7 versus 60 +/- 15 mL.min(-1).100 g(-1), respectively (p = 0.028). Six of seven animals were successfully defibrillated, and survived >15 min. In conclusion, the combination of ACD + ITV CPR significantly increased both coronary perfusion pressure and vital organ blood flow after prolonged standard CPR in this you...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Ventricular Fibrillation
Cerebral Blood Flow Imaging
Decompression Sickness
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Transcription Initiation
Myocardium
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Blood Flow
Cerebrovascular Circulation
Blood Circulation

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