Nov 1, 1971

Effects of adrenoceptor blocking agents on body temperature

British Journal of Pharmacology
W FELDBERG, P N Saxena

Abstract

1. The effect on rectal temperature of adrenoceptor blocking agents, injected through a cannula chronically implanted into a lateral cerebral ventricle, was examined in unanaesthetized rabbits, cats and rats, kept at room temperature (19-22 degrees C).2. In rabbits, the alpha-adrenoceptor blocking agent phenoxybenzamine (50 or 100 mug) produced marked hypothermia when injected intraventricularly but not when injected intravenously. In some rabbits as little as 1 mug was effective on intraventricular injection. Phentolamine and ergotamine, the other alpha-adrenoceptor blocking agents examined, had a much weaker hypothermic action when injected intraventricularly, whereas the beta-adrenoceptor blocking agents propranolol, pronethalol and Trasicor had no effect.3. In rabbits in which the noradrenaline stores of the hypothalamus were depleted by intraventricular injections of reserpine, the hypothermic effect of phenoxybenzamine was abolished and remained abolished for a few days.4. In cats, an intraventricular injection of phenoxybenzamine (200 mug) produced long-lasting hyperthermia, but not in all cats, and only with the first, or the first two or three injections. Injected intraperitoneally, this dose had no effect on temperatu...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Z-Max
Intravenous
Depression, Chemical
Body Parts - Cannula
Specimen Type - Cannula
Body Structure
Pronethalol
Phenoxybenzamine Hydrochloride
Ergotamine
Neurons

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