Nov 1, 1975

Effects of altering monoamine metabolism on the adrenocortical response to hypoxia

Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
S F Marotta, A M Garcy

Abstract

Anesthetized dogs, which had been prepared with lumboadrenal vein cannulae, were intravenously infused with monoamine axidase (alphaETA), tryptophan hydroxylase (pCPA) or tyrosine hydroxylase (alphaMT) inhibitors 30 min prior to exposure to 10% oxygen at ground level. These studies were designed to ascertain the role of the neurotransmitters, serotonin and norepinephrine, in the adrenocortical response to hypoxia. In normoxic animals, alphaETA decreased basal cortisol secretion and increased systolic pressure, whereas pCPA and alphaMT were essentially without afffect on these parameters. All inhibitors prevented the rise in cortisol secretion usually observed in hypoxic dogs. Alpha ETA appeared to inhibit the adrenocortical response to hypoxia as a result of its potent pressore activity, while pCPA and alphaMT inhibited cortisol secretion by interfering with the synthesis of serotonin and norepinephrine, respictively. These data suggest that substances which alter the content and/or turnover of brain monoamines abolish the hypoxic rise in cortisol secretion and thus would lower the resistance of the animal to this stressor.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Retinal Vein Occlusion
Serotonin Measurement
Entire Vein
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Serotonin
Cortisol Secretion
Response to Hypoxia
Regional Blood Flow
Tryptophan 5-monooxygenase

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