Aug 17, 2005

Effects of antiarrhythmic drug therapy on atrioventricular nodal function during atrial fibrillation in humans

Europace : European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology : Journal of the Working Groups on Cardiac Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Cellular Electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology
Laurence ManginLeon Glass

Abstract

To assess the effects of metoprolol and amiodarone on atrial and ventricular activity during atrial fibrillation (AF) in post-surgical patients, and to develop and use a mathematical model of the atrioventricular (AV) node during AF that incorporates parameters describing the properties of the AV node to evaluate the physiological basis of the drug effects. Ten post-surgical patients were evaluated where three received no medical therapy, three received metoprolol, three received amiodarone, and one received both metoprolol and amiodarone. The medications led to increases of 37-310 ms in the mean VV interval in treated patients, but much smaller changes in the mean AA intervals in the right and left atria. The mathematical model incorporating a random influence of the concealed conduction parameter was capable of reproducing the histograms of the VV intervals based on the input from the right atrium by systematically searching parameter space. Changes in the ventricular rate are mainly due to the alteration in the AV nodal properties rather than changes in the atrial rhythm. The medications can display differential effects on the physiological properties of the AV node, and therefore the mathematical model may help to identify ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

In Silico
Amiodarone
Betalok
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Right Atrial Structure
Atrial Fibrillation
Cardiac Depressants
Metoprolol
Entire Right Atrium
Structure of Atrioventricular Node

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