Effects of atenolol and hydrochlorothiazide on blood pressure and plasma catecholamines in essential hypertension
M G Myers, J de Champlain
The antihypertensive effects of atenolol and hydrochlorothiazide were compared with placebo in a randomized, double-blind crossover study, with the blood pressure responses related to sympathetic nervous system activity. Twelve patients with essential hypertension were given atenolol (100 mg), hydrochlorothiazide (50 mg), and placebo as single daily doses, each for 6 weeks. Mean supine, standing, and post-exercise blood pressures (mm Hg) on atenolol (155/94, 152/95, 177/93, respectively) and hydrochlorothiazide (154/99, 150/103, 172/96) were lower (p less than 0.01) than corresponding placebo values (172/109, 166/113, 204/111) at 6 weeks. The role of the sympathetic nervous system in the antihypertensive actions of atenolol and hydrochlorothiazide was examined. The supine plasma norepinephrine on placebo was used as an index of sympathetic activity to categorize each patient's "adrenergic status." The six "hyperadrenergic" patients with high resting norepinephrine values (mean, 302 pg/ml) exhibited a greater (p = 0.05) decrease in BP (-30/-20 mm Hg) on atenolol compared with the BP fall of -9/-11 mm Hg observed in the lower norepinephrine group (mean, 211 pg/ml). Resting plasma norepinephrine values did not predict the BP fall ...Continue Reading
Antihypertensive drugs are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) which aims to prevent the complications of high blood pressure, such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Discover the latest research on antihypertensive drugs and their mechanism of action here.