PMID: 36159Apr 12, 1979

Effects of ATP on the intermediary steps of the reaction of the (Na+ + K+)-ATPase. IV. Effect of ATP on K0.5 for Na+ and on hydrolysis at different pH and temperature

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
J C Skou

Abstract

The pH optimum for (Na+ + K+)-ATPase (ATP phosphohydrolase, EC 3.6.1.3) depends on the combination of monovalent cations, on the ATP concentration and on temperature. ATP decreases the Na+ concentration necessary for half maximum activation, K0.5 for Na+ (Na+ + K+ = 150 mM), and the effect is pH and temperature dependent. At a low ATP concentration a decrease in pH leads to an increase in K0.5 for Na+, while at the high ATP concentration it leads to a decrease. K0.5 for ATP for hydrolysis decreases with an increase in pH. The fractional stimulation by K+ in the presence of Na+ decreases with the ATP concentration, and at a low ATP concentration K+ becomes inhibitory, this being most pronounced at 0 degrees C. The results suggest that (a) ATP at a given pH has two different effects: it increases the Na+ relative to K+ affinity on the internal site (K0.5 for ATP at pH 7.4, 37 degrees C, is less than 10 microM); it increases the molar activity in the presence of Na+ + K+ (K0.5 for ATP at pH 7.4, 37 degrees , is 127 microM), (b) binding of the cations to the external as well as the internal sites leads to pK changes (Bohr effect) which are different for Na+ and for K+, i.e. the selectivity for Na+ relative to K+ depends both on ATP...Continue Reading

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