Sep 1, 1995

Effects of atrial pacing site on rate-dependent AV nodal function in rabbit hearts

The American Journal of Physiology
F Amellal, J Billette

Abstract

The functional origin of the changes in atrioventricular (AV) nodal function with the atrial pacing site was studied in isolated rabbit heart preparations. The rate-dependent AV nodal properties of recovery, facilitation, and fatigue were characterized with premature stimulation protocols repeated for each of three atrial pacing sites (upper atrium, low crista terminalis, and low interatrial septum). The effects of the atrial pacing site, reference site from which the beginning of nodal activation is measured (low crista and low septum) and stimulation protocol on nodal conduction and refractory parameters, were assessed with multifactorial analyses of variance. The changes in nodal parameters with the stimulation protocol did not differ significantly with the pacing site, indicating that the rate-dependent nodal properties are not affected by the atrial origin of the impulse. Only the baseline value of nodal parameters varied with the atrial pacing and reference site. However, the comparison of data obtained while the low crista was the pacing and reference site to those obtained while the low septum was the pacing and reference site yield no statistically significant differences, thus indicating that changes in perinodal acti...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Refractory Period, Electrophysiological
Atrial Function
Structure of Atrioventricular Node
Heart
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
NODAL
Pulse Rate

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.