PMID: 3575603Mar 1, 1987Paper

Effects of beta-adrenergic stimulation and blockade on cardiovascular reactivity, affect, and type A behavior

Psychosomatic Medicine
D S KrantzT Weiss


The present study examined the acute effects of drugs that stimulate or block sympathetic nervous system activity on components of Type A behavior, affect, and cardiovascular responses to mental stressors. Either propranolol (a beta-adrenergic blocker), isoproterenol (a beta-agonist), or placebo was infused intravenously at different times in 12 healthy males. In two sessions, placebo (saline) was administered first, followed by a structured interview, challenging mental arithmetic test, and completion of affect scales. The procedure was then repeated with one of the active drugs, presented in counterbalanced order. Results indicated reliable drug effects on both heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) reactivity to the tasks, with change scores to the tasks markedly increased by isoproterenol. Anxiety and hostility ratings paralleled results for HR and BP, with much of this effect being due to higher affect ratings for isoproterenol. The effect of the drugs on Type A behavior was unexpected, with global Type A and several components lowered by isoproterenol and unaffected by propranolol. These data are discussed in terms of the interfering effects of anxiety on Type A speech components. The influence of isoproterenol...Continue Reading

Associated Clinical Trials


Jun 1, 1994·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry·M Atchison, J Condon
Feb 24, 2000·Clinical and Experimental Hypertension : CHE·M BediR Babbar
Apr 11, 2013·Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback·Paul Lehrer, David Eddie
Oct 1, 1991·Behavioral Science·M B Jasnoski, R M Warner
Nov 1, 1991·Psychophysiology·R M Kelsey
Jul 1, 1989·Psychophysiology·R J ContradaT Weiss
Mar 7, 2003·Cardiology in Review·Seth Keller, William H Frishman
Nov 9, 2021·Psychosomatic Medicine·Jennifer K MacCormackKeely A Muscatell

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.