Nov 7, 2018

Effects of BMP-2 on neovascularization during large bone defect regeneration

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Hope B PearsonJoel D Boerckel


Insufficient blood vessel supply is a primary limiting factor for regenerative approaches to large bone defect repair. Recombinant BMP-2 delivery induces robust bone formation and has been observed to enhance neovascularization, but whether the angiogenic effects of BMP-2 are due to direct endothelial cell stimulation or to indirect paracrine signaling remains unclear. Here, we evaluated the effects of BMP-2 delivery on vascularized bone regeneration and tested whether BMP-2 induces neovascularization directly or indirectly. We found that delivery of BMP-2 (5 μg) enhanced both bone formation and neovascularization in critically sized (8 mm) rat femoral bone defects; however, BMP-2 did not directly stimulate angiogenesis in vitro. In contrast, conditioned medium from both mesenchymal progenitor cells and osteoblasts induced angiogenesis in vitro, suggesting a paracrine mechanism of BMP-2 action. Consistent with this inference, co-delivery of BMP-2 with endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) to a heterotopic site, distant from the bone marrow niche, induced ossification but had no effect on neovascularization. Taken together, these data suggest that BMP-2 induces neovascularization during bone regeneration primarily through par...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Angiogenic Process
Culture Media, Conditioned
Blood Vessel
Bone Marrow
Tumor Angiogenesis
Thyroid Hormone Plasma Membrane Transport Defect
Paracrine Communication
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
Bone morphogenetic protein 2

About this Paper

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.