Effects of cadmium on the prenatal ultrastructural maturation of rat alveolar epithelium

Teratology
G P Daston

Abstract

Maternal administration of cadmium (Cd) has previously been shown to cause reduced lung weight and altered pulmonary surfactant accumulation in fetal rats. This leads to neonatal respiratory distress. In the present study the effects of Cd on the ultrastructural development of alveolar epithelium was studied to detect any alterations which could contribute to neonatal respiratory difficulties. Pregnant rats received 8.0 mg/kg body weight of CdCl2 subcutaneously on days 12-15 of gestation. Fetal tissue was examined by electron microscopy throughout the period of alveolar cytodifferentiation. The undifferentiated epithelium of both treated and control fetuses was composed of simple columnar cells with apical and basal glycogen deposits. Cytodifferentiation in controls consisted of gradual flattening of alveolar type I cells and the appearance of surfactant-containing lamellar bodies in alveolar type II cells. Cytoplasmic glycogen was prominent up to day 20, then diminished to low levels on day 21. Epithelial differentiation in treated fetuses was delayed in most alveoli. On the two days before term some alveoli appeared normal, but many were retarded or arrested in their development. Cellular glycogen pools were reduced in treate...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Jan 1, 1983·American Journal of Industrial Medicine·R K Miller
Jan 1, 1987·Journal of Adolescent Health Care : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine·I N Cholst, A T Carlon
Aug 30, 2013·Microscopy and Microanalysis : the Official Journal of Microscopy Society of America, Microbeam Analysis Society, Microscopical Society of Canada·Katarzyna KaczyńskaMałgorzata Szereda-Przestaszewska
May 25, 2011·Journal of Electron Microscopy·Katarzyna KaczynskaMałgorzata Szereda-Przestaszewska
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Mar 1, 1988·Risk Analysis : an Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis·E M JohnsonR R Schmidt
Mar 1, 1982·Human Toxicology·N G CarmichaelP D Lewis

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