PMID: 7811691Dec 14, 1994

Effects of chloride on the kinetics and stereochemistry of chloroperoxidase catalyzed oxidation of sulfides

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
P PastaN Gaggero

Abstract

At pH 3, chloride dramatically influenced both the Km of chloroperoxidase (CPO) for methyl p-tolyl sulfide, which decreased, and its activity, which increased. The Km value changed from 75 microM in the absence of chloride to < or = 1.2 microM in > or = 0.9 mM chloride, and the kcat from 53 s-1 in 0 to 1750 s-1 in 50 mM halide. The kcat/Km value at 0.9 mM chloride was 414 microM -1s-1 compared to 0.7 microM-1s-1 in the absence of the halide. At pH 5, the activating effect was less pronounced. Chloride also acted as inhibitor versus hydrogen peroxide. The data are consistent with a reaction mechanism in which, on hand, chloride competes with hydrogen peroxide for the native enzyme and, on the other hand, activates sulfide oxidation by binding to CPO Compound I to give a CPO-chlorinating intermediate (EOCl-). However, contrary to what happened in the absence of chloride, where the oxidation was enantioselective and an oxygen atom of H2O2 was incorporated in the sulfoxide (from experiments with 18O-labeled H2O2), in the presence of the halide the oxidation was not enantioselective and there was no incorporation of oxygen from H2O2. The data suggest that sulfide oxidation takes place through an enzyme-generated freely dissociable o...Continue Reading

References

Feb 26, 1986·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·S KobayashiA P Schaap
Jul 25, 2009·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Xiang He, Dmitriy A Yablonskiy

Related Concepts

Chloride Peroxidase
Chloride Ion Level
Oxidation-Reduction
Molecular Stereochemistry
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