Effects of confinement on the dynamics and correlation scales in kinesin-microtubule active fluids.

Physical Review. E
Yi FanKenneth S Breuer


We study the influence of solid boundaries on dynamics and structure of kinesin-driven microtubule active fluids as the height of the container, H, increases from hundreds of micrometers to several millimeters. By three-dimensional tracking of passive tracers dispersed in the active fluid, we observe that the activity level, characterized by velocity fluctuations, increases as system size increases and retains a small-scale isotropy. Concomitantly, as the confinement level decreases, the velocity-velocity temporal correlation develops a strong positive correlation at longer times, suggesting the establishment of a "memory". We estimate the characteristic size of the flow structures from the spatial correlation function and find that, as the confinement becomes weaker, the correlation length, l_{c}, saturates at approximately 400 microns. This saturation suggests an intrinsic length scale which, along with the small-scale isotropy, demonstrates the multiscale nature of this kinesin-driven bundled microtubule active system.


Nov 18, 2021·Soft Matter·Abhik SamuiSumesh P Thampi

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