Apr 1, 1976

Effects of continuous positive-pressure ventilation in experimental pulmonary edema

Journal of Applied Physiology
P C Hopewell, J F Murray

Abstract

We compared the effects of continuous positive-pressure ventilation (CPPV), using 10 cmH2O positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), with intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (IPPV), on pulmonary extravascular water volume (PEWV) and lung function in dogs with pulmonary edema caused by elevated left atrial pressure and decreased colloid osmotic pressure. The PEWV was measured by gravimetric and double-isotope indicator dilution methods. Animals with high (22-33 mmHg), moderately elevated (12-20 mmHg), and normal (3-11 mmHg) left atrial pressures (Pla) were studied. The PEWV by both methods was significantly increased in the high and moderate Pla groups, the former greater than the latter (P less than 0.05). There was no difference in the PEWV between animals receiving CPPV and those receiving IPPV in both the high and moderately elevated Pla groups. However, in animals with high Pla, the Pao2 was significantly better maintained and the inflation pressure required to deliver a tidal volume of 12 ml/kg was significantly less with the use of CPPV than with IPPV. We conclude that in pulmonary edema associated with high Pla, PEEP does not reduce PEWV but does improve pulmonary function.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Pulmonary Edema
Dioxygen
Lung
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Respiratory Physiology
Oxygen Measurement, Partial Pressure, Arterial
Etiology
Pulmonary Artery Structure
Positive End-Expiratory Pressure
Pulmonary Function Tests

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