Feb 26, 1976

Effects of dbcAMP and theophylline on rat adrenal medulla grown in tissue culture

K Unsicker, J H Chamley


Explants of rat adrenal medulla were grown in tissue culture. The effects of various doses of dbcAMP ranging from 0.001 mM up to 1 mM and equimolar amounts of theophylline were recorded by phase contrast optics and catecholamine histochemistry (glyoxylic acid method) over six days. There was a dose-dependent inhibition of the normally occurring outgrowth of Schwann cells, "chromaffin" cells and axons from the explants. Maintenance of glyoxylic acid-induced fluorescence in "chromaffin" cells was dose-dependent, too. Since theophylline is known to enhance intracellular levels of cAMP only, these effects are probably due to the action of cAMP. cAMP obviously maintains the degree of differentiation of chromaffin cells. Thus it could be argued that a certain degree of dedifferentiation is a prerequisite for the formation of axons from these cells.

Mentioned in this Paper

Catecholamine [EPC]
Culture Techniques
Cell Differentiation Process
Schwann Cells

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