PMID: 43597Sep 1, 1979

Effects of deferoxamine methanesulfonate on Trichophyton mentagrophytes

S KerbsM Lancaster


Deferoxamine methanesulfonate (Desferal), an iron chelator, inhibited germ tube formation and growth of Trichophyton mentagrophytes in a microculture assay. A 50% reduction of germ tube formation required Desferal at 5 mg/ml and a 50% reduction of growth required 1.5 mg/ml. Growth was almost completely inhibited with 50 and 100 mg/ml. Also, Desferal at 100 mg/ml inhibited further elongation when added to short hyphae (II and 21 micrometer), but showed less inhibitory effects when added to long hyphae (64 micrometer). Iron (133 microgram/ml) reversed the inhibition of growth produced by incubating spores with Desferal at 5 mg/ml, providing iron was added before 72 h incubation. Desferal at 100 mg/ml decreased viability of activated spores incubated for 3 days at 30 degrees C, but did not decrease viability of spores incubated for 3 days at 4 degrees C. The growth inhibitory effect of Desferal and transferrin were compared. Transferrin was inhibitory at low molarities (0.001 to 1.0 mM), while Desferal was inhibitory only at higher molarities (greater than 1 mM). Desferal (0.05 mM) also reversed the inhibition expected with 0.05 mM transferrin. These findings indicate that Desferal and transferrin deprive T. mentagrophytes of nutr...Continue Reading


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