Jul 15, 1979

Effects of disopyramide on SA nodal pacemaker activity and contractility in the isolated blood-perfused atrium of the dog

European Journal of Pharmacology
S ChibaY Furukawa

Abstract

The isolated blood-perfused preparations of canine atrium were suspended in a bath and perfused with arterial blood led from the carotid artery of the heparinized donor dog. Disopyramide caused dose-related negative chronotropic and inotropic effects in a dose range of 30-1000 microgram when injected directly into the cannulated sinus node artery of the isolated atrium. The order of potencies for inducing the negative chronotropic effect in isolated atrium preparations was verapamil greater than propranolol greater than lidocaine = quinidine greater than phenytoin greater than or equal to disopyramide greater than procainamide. On the other hand, the order of potencies for inducing the negative inotropic effect was verapamil = propranolol greater than lidocaine greater than or equal to phenytoin greater than disopyramide greater than procainamide greater than or equal to quinidine. When disopyramide (1 mg/kg or 3 mg/kg) was administered i.v. into the jugular vein of the donor dog, the systemic blood pressure of the donor dog was markedly decreased. However, the tension developed and sinus rate of the isolated atrium were only slightly decreased. Disopyramide produced greater suppression at higher frequencies and slightly depres...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Rhythmin
Sinoatrial Node
Myocardial Contraction
Pyridines
Calcium
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Disopyramide, L-Tartrate, (S)-isomer
Norepinephrine, (+, -)-Isomer
Finoptin
Dexverapamil

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