Jan 1, 1976

Effects of egg factors on cyclic nucleotide metabolism in sea urchin sperm

Journal of Cyclic Nucleotide Research
D L Garbers, J G Hardman

Abstract

Cyclic AMP in Strongylocentrotus purpuratus sperm was elevated approximately 2-fold by theophylline or 1-methyl-3-isobutylxanthine. Factors released from sea urchin eggs (FRE) elevated sperm cyclic AMP by about 7-fold within 1 min, and the combination of FRE with theophylline increased sperm cyclic AMP up to 100-fold within 1 min. Cyclic GMP in sea urchin sperm was slightly elevated by theophylline, but was lowered by FRE. Cyclic GMP in sperm treated with FRE plus theophylline was not higher than in sperm treated with theophylline alone. The ability of FRE-containing sea water to increase sperm cyclic AMP in the presence of theophylline was altered only slightly if at all by boiling, but it was decreased by about 50% by dialysis and destroyed by ashing. Filtration of FRE on Sephadex G-50 columns yielded two peaks of cyclic AMP-elevating activity. One peak (peak I) was eluted at the column void volume, and the other (peak II) was retained by the column. The cyclic GMP-lowering activity was located in fractions approximately corresponding to peak I of cyclic AMP-elevating activity. Dialysis of FRE-containing sea water before its application to the G-50 column virtually eliminated peak II of the cyclic AMP-elevating activity. When...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Sephadex G
Ovum
Filtration
Calcium
Cyclic GMP Measurement (Lab Test)
Rat Lung
Cyclic Nucleotide Metabolic Process
Egg White Proteins
Seawater preparation
Cyclic AMP

About this Paper

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