Effects of elevated temperature on growth, respiratory-deficient mutation, respiratory activity, and ethanol production in yeast

Canadian Journal of Microbiology
M YamamuraT Kamihara


Some mesophilic yeasts and a thermotolerant strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were found to grow at 40 degrees C in complex media containing 1% yeast extract when an inoculum of 10(6) or more cells.mL-1 was used. Yeast extract (6%) permitted Saccharomyces cerevisiae to grow at 40 degrees C even with a smaller inoculum size (10(5) cells.mL-1). The fraction of respiratory-deficient (petite) mutants in 40 degrees C grown culture was less than 10% except for the thermotolerant strain, which showed greatly increased levels depending on culture conditions. Seven of eight yeast strains exhibited extremely reduced cytochrome oxidase activity when grown at 40 degrees C irrespective of the frequency of the petite mutation. In contrast, the accumulation of ethanol in the medium and the ethanol-producing activity of the cells were not affected by growth at 40 degrees C.

Related Concepts

Cytochrome c Oxidase Subunit VIa
Hot Temperature
Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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