Effects of endurance training and exercise on tissue antioxidative capacity and acetaminophen detoxification

European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
H Lew, A Quintanilha

Abstract

Both acute acetaminophen toxicity and physical exercise are accompanied by structural and functional damage to tissues. For acute acetaminophen toxicity, this damage occurs mainly in the liver. This damage, which is believed to be initially caused by oxidation and/or arylation, occurs only after depletion of liver glutathione (GSH). GSH normally protects against oxidation and/or arylation. Prolonged physical exercise also depletes GSH in the body. We hypothesized that with endurance training (repeated oxidant stress) tissues will develop mechanisms to prevent GSH depletion. Our results show that, for the same amount of submaximal exercise, trained rats are able to maintain their levels of GSH or their GSH redox status (in the liver, heart, skeletal muscle and plasma) in contrast to their untrained counterparts. Also, upon administration of acetaminophen, trained rats show a less pronounced depletion in liver GSH than untrained rats. We also hypothesized that training may lead to improved maintenance of tissue GSH homeostasis because of induction in the enzyme pathways of protection. We observe that training significantly increases (50-70%) glutathione peroxidase and reductase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and catalase act...Continue Reading

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