PMID: 2316882Apr 1, 1990

Effects of epinephrine and ritodrine in dogs with acute hyperkalemia

Anesthesia and Analgesia
D V FollettJ D Patz


As plasma potassium concentrations, whether normal or elevated, can be reduced by intravenous administration of either epinephrine or ritodrine, the effects of these drugs were examined during acute hyperkalemia. Six anesthetized dogs were studied every 2 wk, on 18 separate occasions. Hyperkalemia was induced by intravenous infusion of potassium chloride, resulting in plasma potassium concentrations of 9.6 +/- 0.3 mEq/L (mean +/- SEM), bradycardia, and idioventricular rhythm. Dogs were then given slow intravenous injections every 30 min of either saline (controls), epinephrine, or ritodrine. Epinephrine doses were 0.01, 0.1, 1.0, 10, or 100 micrograms/kg; ritodrine doses were 0.1, 1.0, 10, 100, or 1000 micrograms/kg. At the highest does, both epinephrine and ritodrine caused clinically important decreases in plasma potassium, reducing concentrations to below 7.0 mEq/L. Ritodrine had a significantly greater effect than epinephrine. Side effects included hypertension and dysrhythmias with epinephrine, serious hypotension with ritodrine, and tachycardia with both drugs. For both drugs, the doses that caused a decrease in plasma potassium also caused an increase in heart rate and there was a correlation between plasma potassium lev...Continue Reading


Oct 24, 2000·Academic Emergency Medicine : Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine·J L KaplanL De Garavilla

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