PMID: 1720179Aug 1, 1991

Effects of ethanol and low-carbohydrate diet on contents of noradrenaline, dopamine, serotonin and their metabolites in rat brain

Nihon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene
T Hirose

Abstract

Effects of ethanol consumption and intake of low-carbohydrate (low-CHO) diet on noradrenaline (NA), dopamine (DA) and its metabolite, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA), serotonin (5HT) and its metabolite, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5HIAA) contents in six brain regions of rats were investigated. 1) Change of DA neuron Ethanol-containing control diet (hypercaloric ethanol diet) did not affect DA content in any area of brain, but decreased HVA in cortex and hypothalamus and increased DOPAC and HVA in midbrain. Low-CHO diet increased DA content in striatum, DOPAC and HVA in midbrain, but decreased DOPAC in hippocampus and hypothalamus, and HVA in cortex, pons and medulla, hippocampus and hypothalamus. Ethanol-containing low-CHO diet (isocaloric ethanol diet) increased DA level in striatum, DOPAC and HVA in midbrain, but decreased HVA in cortex, hippocampus, striatum and hypothalamus. These results suggest that i) hypercaloric ethanol diet has an opposite effect to carbohydrate on DA metabolism: hypercaloric ethanol diet and lowered carbohydrate intake per se enhance DA metabolism in midbrain, whereas inhibit it in cortex and hypothalamus, ii) lowered carbohydrate intake also declines DA metabolism ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Ethanol
Brain
Diet
Dietary Carbohydrates
Intropin
Homovanillic Acid
Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid
Norepinephrine, (+, -)-Isomer
August Rats
Hydroxytryptamine

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.