Effects of exogenous interleukin-10 in a murine model of graft-versus-host disease to minor histocompatibility antigens
W KrengerJ Ferrara
IL-10 is a regulatory cytokine of both T cells and monocytes. We have investigated the ability of IL-10 to regulate responses to alloantigens in vitro and in vivo. Addition of IL-10 to mixed lymphocyte cultures profoundly decreased the proliferation and IL-2 production by donor B10.BR cells stimulated with CBA cells expressing minor histocompatibility antigens. Administration of IL-10 for a period of 2 weeks after bone marrow transplantation decreased the expansion of CD4+ and CD8+ donor T cells. In addition, splenocytes from BMT mice treated with IL-10 secreted less IFN-gamma after stimulation with Con A in vitro. The suppression of the mitogen-driven proliferative response of lymphocytes from the IL-10-treated group could also be reversed with significantly less anti-IFN-gamma antibody than for saline-treated controls. However, treatment with IL-10 was not sufficient to alter significantly the clinical course of graft-versus-host disease in CBA recipient mice as assessed by survival, weight loss, and splenomegaly. The results suggest that exogenous IL-10 suppresses the afferent Th1 response in a graft-versus-host reaction but does not significantly diminish the effector stage of graft-versus-host disease.
The use of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or blood and marrow transplantation (bmt) is on the increase worldwide. BMT is used to replace damaged or destroyed bone marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells. Here is the latest research on bone and marrow transplantation.