PMID: 46758Feb 10, 1975

Effects of extracts of rat tissues on the action of bleomycin

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
T OnishiY Takagi

Abstract

The cell sap (105 000 times g supernatant) of various tissues of rats caused DNA degradation in the presence of bleomycin. The activity was fractionated into two peaks by column chromatography on Sephadex G-25. The activity in Peak A (excluded fraction) appeared to be due to some proteinaceous entity, while that recovered in Peak B (retarded fraction), constituting about 90% of the total activity, seemed to be due to ascorbic acid, judging by results of further gel filtration and the effect of treatment with ascorbate oxidase. Incubation of bleomycin with Peak A or B caused loss of the ability of the antibiotic to degrade DNA. It is proposed that the action of bleomycin on DNA, and its inactivation by tissue extracts, depend, at least in part, on the presence of ascorbic acid.

References

Dec 1, 1978·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·M TakeshitaH Ohtsubo
Apr 1, 1976·Nucleic Acids Research·M J Sleigh
Oct 1, 1977·Nucleic Acids Research·L F PovirkF Hutchinson
Apr 1, 1982·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·C W Moore
Dec 1, 1983·Cancer Treatment Reviews·F M MuggiaB I Sikic

Citations

Feb 3, 1966·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·N KatunumaH Nishino

Related Concepts

Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Tissue Specificity
Gene Products, Protein
Tissue Extracts
Magnorbin
Subcellular Fractions
Molecular Sieve Chromatography
Hydrolysis
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Cytoplasmic Matrix

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.