PMID: 6148843Aug 1, 1984

Effects of four treatment methods on social phobic patients not suitable for insight-oriented psychotherapy

Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
J E AlströmC Ljungqvist

Abstract

Forty-two social phobic men and women, rated unsuitable for insight-oriented psychotherapy, received one of four randomly assigned types of treatment for 3 months. All patients received basal therapy (B) in the form of standardized information, self-exposure instructions, and anxiolytic medication. One group received this treatment only, with monthly appointments. The others, in addition, received either therapist-directed prolonged exposure in vivo, in some cases supplemented with exposure in imagination (PE), dynamically oriented supportive therapy (ST) or relaxation therapy (R). There was a 9 months' follow-up period. The phobia variables were more improved in the PE and ST groups than in the R and B groups at the termination of treatment. Although improvement had deteriorated somewhat in the PE group during follow-up, the improvement in target phobia was better than in the other groups. There were almost no improvements in the R and B groups. ST and PE groups also showed improved social function while the global rating showed most improvement in the PE group. The B group was not improved at all and the R group only showed a short-lived drop in muscular tension.

References

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Jul 1, 1984·Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica·J E AlströmC Ljungqvist
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Citations

Jan 1, 1987·Social Psychiatry. Sozialpsychiatrie. Psychiatrie Sociale·K Chaleby
Dec 1, 1994·Biofeedback and Self-regulation·P M LehrerR L Woolfolk
May 1, 1994·Behaviour Research and Therapy·S M TurnerS C Messer
Dec 1, 1994·Psychiatry Research·J ReichM Keller
Sep 12, 2014·Psychodynamic Psychiatry·Kenneth N LevyEve Caligor
Jan 1, 1988·Psychosomatics·Richard G Heimberg, D H Barlow
Oct 18, 2007·Depression and Anxiety·Joshua D LipsitzAbby J Fyer
Oct 27, 2004·Clinical Psychology Review·Thomas L RodebaughRichard G Heimberg
Jun 5, 2015·World Psychiatry : Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)·Peter Fonagy
May 3, 2014·Clinical Psychology Review·John R KeefeJacques P Barber
Jul 1, 1994·Behavior Modification·B C DonohueM Hersen
Jul 2, 2014·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·Allan A AbbassElizabeth Crowe
Aug 20, 2015·Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences·Mehryar Nader-Mohammadi MoghadamFahimeh Lavasni
Apr 29, 2008·CNS Spectrums·C L Masia, F R Schneier

Related Concepts

Nervousness
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality
Psychological Desensitization Therapy
Self
Phobia, Social
Logotherapy
Relaxation Techniques
Individual Adjustment

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