Effects of hepatic drug-metabolizing enzyme induction on clinical pathology parameters in animals and man

Toxicologic Pathology
D EnnulatL Boone

Abstract

Hepatic drug-metabolizing enzyme (DME) induction is an adaptive response associated with changes in preclinical species; this response can include increases in liver weight, hepatocellular hyperplasia and hypertrophy, and upregulated tissue expression of DMEs. Effects of DME induction on clinical pathology markers of hepatobiliary injury and function in animals as well as humans are not well established. This component of a multipart review of the comparative pathology of xenobiotically mediated induction of hepatic metabolizing enzymes reviews pertinent data from retrospective and prospective preclinical and clinical studies. Particular attention is given to studies with confirmation of DME induction and concurrent evaluation of liver and/or serum hepatobiliary marker enzyme activities and histopathology. These results collectively indicate that in the rat, when histologic findings are limited to hepatocellular hypertrophy, DME induction is not expected to be associated with consistent or substantive changes in serum or plasma activity of hepatobiliary marker enzymes such as alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and gamma glutamyltransferase. In the dog and the monkey, published studies also do not demonstrate a cons...Continue Reading

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