Dec 6, 2019

Effects of hypoxia-reoxygenation stimuli on renal redox status and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 pathway in sickle cell SAD mice

Experimental Physiology
Camille FaesVincent Pialoux

Abstract

What is the central question of this study? What are the effects of repeated subclinical vaso-occlusions on nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) and oxidative stress balance regulation in the kidney of transgenic SAD mice? What is the main finding and its importance? In response to hypoxia-reoxygenation, nuclear Nrf2 protein expression decreased in the kidney of SAD mice while haem oxygenase transcripts were increased. This suggest that in SAD mice, other transcription factors than Nrf2 could be involved in renal antioxidant gene regulation in response to hypoxia-reoxygenation. Hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) stress is known to increase oxidative stress in transgenic sickle mice and can cause organ failure. Here we described the effects of H/R on nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) as a putative regulator of redox status in the kidneys of SAD mice investigating Nrf2-regulated antioxidant enzymes. Transgenic SAD mice and healthy C57Bl/6J mice were exposed to 4 h of hypoxia followed by various times of reoxygenation at ambient air (2 or 6 h). Regardless of the conditions (i.e. normoxia or H/R), SAD mice expressed higher renal oxidative stress levels. Nuclear Nrf2 protein expression decreased after 2 h pos...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Biochemical Pathway
NF-E2-Related Factor 2
C57BL/6 Mouse
Oxidative Stress
Nuclear Protein
Kidney
Organ
Gene Expression
Region of Medulla of Kidney

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