Effects of immunological sensitization on the responses and sensitivity of guinea pig airways to bronchoconstrictors. Modulation by selective inhibition of arachidonic acid metabolism

Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
M H Saad, J F Burka

Abstract

The force generated by tracheal spirals and lung parenchymal strips from normal and ovalbumin-sensitized guinea pigs was measured in vitro, after challenge with histamine, carbachol, leukotriene (LT) C4, LTD4, or a prostaglandin endoperoxide analog (U-44069). The responses and sensitivity of airway tissues to the above agonists were identical in normal and sensitized animals. Treatment of tracheal spirals with indomethacin (8.5 microM), phenidone (185 microM), and nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA: 30 microM) reduced resting tension (tone) equally in both normal and sensitized trachea, but did not affect lung parenchymal strips from either group. The responses of tracheal spirals from normal and sensitized animals to low concentrations of histamine, carbachol, LTC4, and LTD4 were reduced or abolished by treatment with the above inhibitors. Responses to higher concentrations of the same agonists were significantly enhanced. In contrast, treatment of normal and sensitized trachea with indomethacin (2.8 and 8.5 microM) did not abolish or reduce the effects of low concentrations of U-44069. However, an enhancement of the effect of high concentrations occurred only on normal tracheal spirals, even though the control tissues from each ...Continue Reading

Citations

Mar 29, 1989·European Journal of Pharmacology·J CortijoE J Morcillo
May 1, 1983·Prostaglandins·M H SaadJ F Burka
Jan 1, 1987·International Journal of Immunopharmacology·L J RobichaudR L Adolphson
Jul 1, 1990·Journal of Ethnopharmacology·M E Addy, J F Burka
May 1, 1997·Respiration Physiology·N BarakS Cohen
Aug 1, 1992·British Journal of Pharmacology·J R Thorne, K J Broadley
Apr 23, 2011·Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics·Pasquale Chitano
Aug 1, 1995·Journal of Autonomic Pharmacology·J C BidonA Jondet

Related Concepts

U 44069
Metazoa
Eicosatetraenoic Acids
Bronchial Spasm
Carboptic
Allergen Immunotherapy
Cavia porcellus
Ceplene
Prostaglandin Endoperoxides, Synthetic
Respiratory Tract Structure

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.